Shafa Orthopedic Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Comparison of Pediatric and General Orthopedic Surgeons’ Approaches in Management of Blount’s Disease and Torsional Malalignment Syndrome

Ramin Haj Zargarbashi 1 , Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki 2 , Shayan Abdollah Zadegan 2 , Mohammad Hossein Nabian 1 , * , Reza Abdi 3 and Amirreza Vafaee 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4 Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Shafa Orthopedic Journal: November 2017, 4 (4); e60390
  • Published Online: October 23, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 16, 2017
  • Revised: September 20, 2017
  • Accepted: September 22, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/soj.60390

To Cite: Haj Zargarbashi R, Nasiri Bonaki H, Zadegan S A, Nabian M H, Abdi R, et al. Comparison of Pediatric and General Orthopedic Surgeons’ Approaches in Management of Blount’s Disease and Torsional Malalignment Syndrome, Shafa Ortho J. 2017 ;4(4):e60390. doi: 10.5812/soj.60390.

Copyright: Copyright © 2017, Shafa Orthopedic Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Craton N, Matheson GO. Training and clinical competency in musculoskeletal medicine. Identifying the problem. Sports Med. 1993; 15(5): 328-37[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Schwend RM, Geiger J. Outpatient pediatric orthopedics. Common and important conditions. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1998; 45(4): 943-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Grier D. Common musculoskeletal problems in children. Curr Pediatr. 2003; 13(6): 469-78[DOI]
  • 4. Lee S, Park MS, Chung CY, Kwon DG, Sung KH, Kim TW, et al. Consensus and different perspectives on treatment of supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. Clin Orthop Surg. 2012; 4(1): 91-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Gilbody J, Thomas G, Ho K. Acute versus gradual correction of idiopathic tibia vara in children: a systematic review. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009; 29(2): 110-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Blount WP. ;(1):. . Tibia vara: Osteochondrosis Deformans Tibiae. J Bone Joint Surg. 1937; 19(1): 1-29
  • 7. Leonardi F, Rivera F, Zorzan A, Ali SM. Bilateral double osteotomy in severe torsional malalignment syndrome: 16 years follow-up. J Orthop Traumatol. 2014; 15(2): 131-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Bruce WD, Stevens PM. Surgical correction of miserable malalignment syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004; 24(4): 392-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Sabharwal S. Blount disease: an update. Orthop Clin North Am. 2015; 46(1): 37-47[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Birch JG. Blount disease. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2013; 21(7): 408-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Zionts LE, Shean CJ. Brace treatment of early infantile tibia vara. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998; 18(1): 102-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Richards BS, Katz DE, Sims JB. Effectiveness of brace treatment in early infantile Blount's disease. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998; 18(3): 374-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Shinohara Y, Kamegaya M, Kuniyoshi K, Moriya H. Natural history of infantile tibia vara. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2002; 84(2): 263-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Accadbled F, Laville JM, Harper L. One-step treatment for evolved Blount's disease: four cases and review of the literature. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003; 23(6): 747-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Castaneda P, Urquhart B, Sullivan E, Haynes RJ. Hemiepiphysiodesis for the correction of angular deformity about the knee. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008; 28(2): 188-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Stevens PM. Guided growth for angular correction: a preliminary series using a tension band plate. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007; 27(3): 253-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Stanitski DF, Stanitski CL, Trumble S. Depression of the medial tibial plateau in early-onset Blount disease: myth or reality? J Pediatr Orthop. 1999; 19(2): 265-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Sabharwal S, Wenokor C, Mehta A, Zhao C. Intra-articular morphology of the knee joint in children with Blount disease: a case-control study using MRI. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94(10): 883-90[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader