Plagiarism and Similarity Rates

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. We recommend reviewers in the peer review process to completely check and control the similarities and guide authors to avoid similarities with other published materials.


We are checking all manuscripts using iThenticate at least in 2 important steps:

  1. Early submission: Our online system detects automatically submission with high similarity rates and prevents submitting them.
  2. Before the primary stage of publishing: Just before starting the publishing process (during collection), we will check all accepted manuscripts another time.