Volume 33, Issue 1 (2-2019)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2019 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghaffari H, Navaser M, Mofid B, Mahdavi S R, Mohammadi R, Tavakol A. Fiducial markers in prostate cancer image-guided radiotherapy . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2019; 33 (1) :80-86
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5373-en.html
Department of Medical Physics & Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hamedghaffari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (957 Views)
Background: Image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) is recommended to reduce the risk of geometrical miss when modern radiotherapy technologies with high grades of conformity are used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fiducial markers (FMs) for electronic portal imaging in prostate cancer radiotherapy in term of evaluating the complications associated with FMs implantation, quantifying inter-fraction prostate motion, and determination of optimal planning target volume (PTV) margins. 
   Methods: In this single institution, prospective, consecutive study, 27 patients underwent implantation of three-gold seed FMs into the prostate gland before prostate radiotherapy. Prior to computed tomography planning, all patients were asked to report any complication associated with FMs implantation that have experienced to date. Daily pre-treatment electronic portal images were captured, and prostate position errors were corrected if they were greater than 2 mm along three translational directions. Optimal PTV expansions were computed using van Herk formula [PTV-margin= 2.5Σ + 0.7σ].
   Results: FMs implantation was successful with an acceptable toxicity profile in all patients. Without IGRT, margins of 5.4 mm, 5.8 mm and 5.5 mm, in vertical, longitudinal and lateral directions, respectively, are needed for a 95% confidence level of complete clinical target volume (CTV) coverage in each treatment session. The PTV margins of  3.0 mm, 3.3 mm and 4.0 mm in corresponding directions were calculated when FMs based electronic portal imaging was applied.
   Conclusion: FMs based electronic portal imaging is an effective tool for prostate cancer IGRT.
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