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Showing 3 results for Yazdizadeh

Farideh Mohtasham, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Zahra Zali, Reza Majdzadeh, Sima Nedjat,
Volume 30, Issue 1 (1-2016)

Background: Health technology assessment (HTA) is a tool utilized for efficient dissemination of technology. For the purpose of encouraging decision-makers to utilize this tool, at first, we need to identify the obstacles in the processes of preparation, utilization, and implementation of HTAs. This study aims to define these barriers and offer solutions for effective utilization of HTA reports produced in Iran.

  Methods: This qualitative content analysis determines the various beneficiaries of HTA, and utilizes a semi-structured interview with the participants who are all involved in the HTA.

  Results: Nine out of ten people invited for the interviews accepted the researchers’ invitation. An analysis of barriers and solutions for improving the utilization of HTA reports was conducted in three levels of policy makers (policy level), specialists in healthcare (professional level), and ordinary people (public level). The barriers in the policy level include unsuitability of reports for their audience, incompatible views toward the definition and necessity of health technology assessment, lack of financial resources for report preparation, and limitations in large-scale policymaking in Ministry of Health. Barriers in the professional level include lack of knowledge on HTA among service-providers. Barriers in the public level consist of information asymmetry.

  Conclusion: There are various barriers toward accurate utilization of HTAs in Iran. Thus, a systematic approach which involves people, brings about culture, improves infrastructures, and boosts supervision on the performance is recommended.

Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Farideh Mohtasham,
Volume 32, Issue 1 (2-2018)

    Background: Universal health coverage (UHC) is the desired goal of achieving universal access to health services without having to endure pain and financial difficulties. Multiple factors can help steer countries toward UHC. One of the most important factors is the production of valid quality evidence that can be achieved through research. The present study aimed at outlining the status of research systems in UHC–related organizations and identifying the barriers faced by research.
   Methods: The key individuals and organizations that could provide rich, relevant, and diverse data in response to the research question were purposively selected for the interviews. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the interviews. Categories and subcategories were deductively extracted from the text based on research system performance as follows: resource provision, production and utilization of knowledge, existing resources, and stewardship. Then, the themes were inductively extracted from the interviews.
   Results: Many barriers existed for performing research in UHC–related organizations. The stewardship barrier seemed to play a key role such that structural changes in organizations affected the production & utilization of evidence. Limited financial and human resources were evident in most of the organizations. Research questions were not comprehensively identified. The conducted studies either were not designed to answer the relevant questions and/or were not appropriately reported to policy makers. As a result, their implementation in decision- making did not reach the ideal status.
   Conclusion: Research utilization aimed at achieving UHC will come to realize only when and if research is conducted to produce evidence required for decision–making and implementation. Therefore, in addition to the interventions recommended by the World Health Organization, we should design and implement interventions tailored to the local barriers and needs of UHC–related organizations.

Zhaleh Abdi, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Elham Ahmadnezhad, Mahboubeh Rahimi, Reza Majdzadeh,
Volume 33, Issue 1 (2-2019)

Achieving universal health coverage (UHC), which means ensuring access to high quality and equitable services by all without financial hardship, requires local evidence. To find interventions appropriate to local needs, local knowledge and evidence are required in addition to global evidence. Thus, every country should have its own plan for research production and utilization and strengthening researchers’ capacities to achieve UHC. To accomplish the goals of UHC, the research system should be able to determine the research priorities and agenda, collect resources, improve the capacity for evidence generation, and maximally utilize the country’s capacity for finding local solutions by establishing research networks. In this study, inputs for UHC research priority setting in Iran and its challenges have been discussed.

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